Welcome to our YEAST BIOTECHNOLOGY wiki
Yeast Biotechnology can be defined as the application of yeast to the development of industrial products and processes.
Yeast is one of the oldest forms of biotechnology; in fact beer making has been taking place for over 7,000 years. However, it wasn’t until the late 1800’s, when the first pure brewing strains were isolated and key biochemical was work done by Louis Pasteur on fermentation, that the modern era of Yeast Biotechnology began. Yeast then became one of the preferred model systems for genetics research from the 1970’s onwards and this led to the first major applications in medical biotechnology.
Did you know that:
The baker’s yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is being developed by scientists at the University of Stanford in California as a manufacturing platform for painkilling opioid drugs. Opiates are naturally produced by the poppy plant Papaver somniferum but supply is currently limited by poor crop yields and by legal restrictions on poppy cultivation introduced to prevent misuse of the drug. This new development in Yeast Biotechnology has the potential to generate a sustainable and secure opioid production process that is also cost-effective. Nature Chemical Biology 10, 837–844 (2014)